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Forged carbon, alloy and tool steels are used for applications in just about every industry.
Low-cost carbon steel grades are commonly used for applications that don’t require high strength or operate in high-temperature environments. The hardenability of carbon steels is limited because only carbon is used for the purpose.
Many grades of carbon steels are hardenable through heat treatment that includes quenching and tempering steps; however, the super high strength of stainless steels cannot be achieved with carbon steels.
Alloy steel makes use of additional alloying elements for increased hardenability and improved properties. Manganese, chromium, nickel and molybdenum are some of the elements used for increased strength, toughness and wear resistance compared to carbon steel. Other desirable characteristics such as corrosion resistance, strength at elevated temperature and creep resistance are also achieved through alloying element additions.
Tool steel combines selected alloy steel and carbon steel grades and its high hardness and abrasion resistance characteristics make it ideal for cutting and machining various types of metals. Major alloying elements in tool steel are chromium, molybdenum, vanadium and tungsten. These carbide formers allow tool steel to resist deformation and maintain a sharp cutting edge at high temperatures.
Scot Forge holds an inventory of various grades for customers to order for their carbon alloy and tool steel forging needs and specifications:
Low carbon steel has 0.05% to 0.25% carbon which allows the material to be ductile. Low carbon steel is a low-cost option for applications where high strength is not a consideration.
Medium carbon steel has 0.29% to 0.54% carbon which contains a higher amount of manganese and allows the material to be quenched and tempered after forging. These forgings offer higher strength and toughness than low carbon steels, yet avoid the higher costs associated with the highly alloyed stainless steels.
High and very high carbon steel has 0.55% to 2.1% carbon which allows the material to achieve high hardness and resilience.
Carbon steel hardened by heat treatment has increased strength and toughness. Tool steels, containing higher amounts of carbon, are normally forged for the purpose of creating tools that can resist abrasion, fatigue and wear.
Scot Forge is proud to be ISO 9001:2015 and AS9100D certified, and our team is committed to providing outstanding customer satisfaction. Further pursuance of aerospace products has led to NADCAP accreditation in both Heat Treatment for carbon alloy & tool material and Nondestructive Testing.
Every Scot Forge customer gets placed with a qualified team that will guide each carbon alloy & tool forging delivered from the inquiry stage to order placement, expediting and shipping.
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